German Version

Runkel - Castle and Village

The history.   Runkel today.

Runkel Castle nowadays

Picture: Castle Runkel today.
Runkel Castle nowadays.

On the half way between Koblenz and Giessen, in the Lahn valley, which is the natural border between Taunus and Westerwald, you find the village Runkel with its imposing castle. A typical example of a premedieval defense building.

Opening times:
Good Friday until end of October.
Open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Notification for guided tours required.
Monday: Closed.

Entrance-fee:
Adults: 3,- EUR
Children up to 14 years old: 1,50 EUR
Groups over 20 persons, each: 2,50 EUR

 

More informations at:
Burgverwaltung Runkel:
Schlossplatz 2
D - 65594 Runkel / Lahn
Tel: +49 6482 / 94 14 72
or: +49 6482 / 42 22

Changing image: different views of the inner castle
Diashow with Javascript

On the Autobahn A3 Frankfurt-Köln (Cologne), leave at exit Limburg. After seven kilometres the castle is reached.
Runkel has a station at the railway Gießen-Koblenz. Direct connections to Wiesbaden, Frankfurt and Cologne are available. A new ICE station is built at Limburg.


Picture: How to get to Runkel

Historical background

Runkel Castle has been built to safeguard the Lahn crossing and has been extended several times.
It was first documentary mentioned in 1159 with Siegfried von Runkel, who stands surety and witness for the countess Beatrix von Lauenburg at her entailing with the castle Nassau through archbishop Hillin of Trier. In his function as a trustee of the Reich, he might be responsible for the construction of Runkel. Probably Runkel was founded by the emperor Friedrich Barbarossa.
In the year 1634 the palace had been destroyed by croatian troops of count Isolani and wasn't rebuilt again.

Picture: Castle Runkel about 1800.
Runkel Castle about 1800.

At about 1250 a quarrel started in the family, which ended in the expulsion of Heinrich by Siegfried of Runkel. In the consequent Heinrich sets up Schadeck Castle as a defiance on the opposite of Runkel. It was first mentioned 1288. The history of Runkel and its castle is wild-motioned and feudful, as the following extract will show:

In the year 1288 the families Runkel and Westerburg finally and definitvely divided. 1315 Dietrich von Runkel is mentioned. Dietrich, the third of its name, takes 1376 posession of the Zehnten (tithes?) Schupbach and Aumenau and gives order to build the palace beside the castle.

1440
the Lahn-Bridge is being build, but couldn't completed until 1448, because of a quarrel with count Reinhard von Westerburg.

1543
Melanchthon, Luther's friend and helper, is guest of Johann IV von Wied (a nephew of the archbishop Hermann of Cologne) at Runkel palace. 1568 the reformation was introduced to Runkel.

1622
Sovereign count Hermann II was expulsed of palace and reign at 9th of September in a brawl by his younger brother Philipp Ludwig, who ment to been set back at the inheritance.

1634
Runkel's most disasterous day in the Thirty Year's War was the 15th of October. The croatians of count Isolani climbed over the walls of the village and burned down the place including its ancient palace.

1719
Runkel was occupied by Hannover,

1758
by Saxony,

1759
by the French.

1791
Count Friedrich Ludwig is raised into a heriditary princely rank by emperor Leopold II.

1794 the French Revolution takes effect.

1796
Troops of Darmstadt threw out the French in a nightly street-fight.

1806
the right-sided part of the government Runkel and also the belonging part of the village was attached to the new, by Napoleon created, grand duchy Berg.

1824
Friedrich Ludwig, the last decendant of the house Wied-Runkel died. Wied-Runkel was inheritated by Wied-Neuwied.  (See also: Die Herrschaft Wied). Runkel Castle is still the property of the house zu Wied.

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